All About Testicles

By Fiona McMahon, DPT

Testicles have long been a symbol of manhood and virility. In fact, the word testis means “witness of virility” in Latin. They help produce the hormones that transition a boy into a man. They are responsible for a man’s body hair, the growth of his genitals, and his sex drive. Testicles are fascinating organs and play an integral role in all men’s lives whether they are actively thinking about them or not.

Testicles are gonads. Gonads are sex organs that produce sex cells.  Men produce sperm and women produce ova (eggs). Testicles also produce the hormone testosterone, which as stated earlier is responsible for a man’s secondary sex characteristics, like body hair, muscle bulk, and sex drive.

Testicles are housed in the scrotum, a sack of skin just behind the penis. Within the scrotum, the testicles are covered by a fibrous sheath called the tunica vaginalis and tunica albuginea. The testicles are composed of many tightly bound tubules called the seminiferous tubules. These tubules give the testicles their uneven feel. Each testicle is held in the scrotum by the spermatic cord, which is composed of the vas deferens, blood vessels, and lymph vessels.

Anyone who has watched an Adam Sandler movie knows that testicles are delicate and sensitive creatures. Even just a jostle can be enough to double a man over in pain. But sometimes your testicles may hurt for no apparent reason.  Acute scrotum is the technical name given to sudden onset testicular pain without swelling. There are many medical reasons your testicles may hurt.  Testicular pain can be a serious condition and should not be ignored.

Testicular torsion is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment in order to save the testicle.  Testicular torsion is most common in males under the age of 25. It occurs when the spermatic cord twists cutting off blood supply to the testes. Usually testicular torsion is spontaneous and cause pain great enough to wake a man or boy out of sleep and induce vomiting.

In some males testicular torsion is contributed to by what is known as a bell clapper deformity. A bell clapper deformity occurs when there is a lack of fixation in the tunica vaginalis. Because of this lack of fixation, the testis is free to rotate around on itself and obstruct blood flow. Bell clapper deformities are present in 12% of males and in males with bell clapper deformity 40% have bilateral derformity. In neonates, extravaginal torsion can occur when the tunica vaginalis and the testes both twist in the inguinal canal. Any case of sudden and severe testicular pain should be considered testicular torsion until proven otherwise and treated as a medical emergency.

Testicular cancer is usually painless but in 20% of cases pain can be a symptom. The pain caused by testicular cancer is typically due to hemorrhage. In the overall population testicular cancer is relatively rare, however it is the most common form of cancer in young males between the ages of 15 and 35. Signs of testicular cancer include a dull ache in the abdomen and groin, heaviness in the scrotum, lump in the testicle, enlargement of the breast tissue, or back pain. Any of these symptoms warrant a visit to your general practitioner.

So what about testicular pain that is not cancer or testicular torsion? Testicular pain can also be caused by other medical conditions like epididymitis, orchitis, urinary reflux, urinary tract infection, or sexually transmitted infection. Again as stated before, any acute testicular pain that occurs out of the blue warrants immediate medical attention.

There are some men however who suffer from acute and recurrent testicular pain for which a medical cause has not been established. For these men, not having concrete answers for what is going on can be especially distressing. In a paper by Anderson and colleagues, trigger points elsewhere in the body have been found to cause pain in the testicles, shaft of the penis, and other areas in the genital region.

Trigger points are defined as areas of hypersensitive and painful spots within the muscle that can be felt as a tough or tight band. In their study, Anderson and colleagues found that testicular pain could be elicited in 80% of men with testicular pain with no other medical cause, when trigger points in the external obliques were palpated. The study also found other trigger points referring to the shaft of the penis, and the perineum (the bicycle seat area of the body). Myofascial restrictions can refer pain to testicles as well as reduce blood flow to the genitals, making erections difficult or painful.

Irritated nerves can also be the cause of testicular and penile pain in men. The pudendal nerve is most commonly associated with male pelvic pain. The pudendal nerve supplies sensation to many of the pelvic structures including the penis, scrotum, and anorecatal region. This nerve can become inflamed or strained for a variety of different reasons. Straining with constipation, boney alignment that stresses the nerve, as well as tight ligaments and muscles that surround the area can all stress the pudendal nerve and cause scrotal, anal, or penile pain.

Other nerves such as the Iliohypogastric can cause suprapubic and gluteal pain. The inguinal nerve can cause pain in the inner thigh, and lateral scrotal skin. The genital femoral is also associated with the skin of the scrotum and thigh.

If you find yourself with testicular or penile pain that has not been resolved with medical intervention, it may be time to find your way to a licensed pelvic floor physical therapist. Physical therapists can work with you to break up your trigger points, provide postural education to correct alignment, reduce constipation with bowel training, and incorporate relaxation and postural changes to prevent your pain from coming back. At Beyond Basics, we have a great team of therapists who treat male pelvic floor disorders who can help treat your testicular pain.

Sources:
Anatomy and physiology of the testicle. Canadian Cancer Society. http://www.cancer.ca/en/cancer-information/cancer-type/testicular/anatomy-and-physiology/?region=on. Accessed June 10, 2015
Anderson R, Sawyer T, Wise D, Morey A. Painful myofascial trigger points and pain sites in men with chronic prostatitis/ chronic pelvis pain syndrome. The Journal of Urology, 182;6 2753-58
Jefferies M, Cox A, Gupta A et al. The management of acute testicular pain in children and adolescents. BMJ. 2015
Mayo Clinic Staff. Testicle Pain. Accessed June 8, 2015. http://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/testicle-pain/basics/causes/sym-20050942
Mayo Clinic Staff. Testicular Cancer. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/testicular-cancer/basics/definition/con-20043068. Accessed June 10, 2015

Sex After Pregnancy

By Fiona McMahon, DPT

Edited by Amy Stein, DPT

It’s cliché to say the arrival of a new child is one of life’s most joyful events. It certainly can be. It can also be one of life’s most stressful events. According to the Homes and Rahe Stress Scale, pregnancy is one of life’s most stressful events falling just after having an ill family member. Sexual difficulties and arrival of a new family member are ranked just after pregnancy. It is little wonder that among the joy and excitement that comes along with a new baby, there is also stress and anxiety. Childbirth can have a profound effect on a couple’s sexual intimacy. Understanding a little bit about the physical and emotional factors that can affect post pregnancy sexuality can go a long way to reducing stress and beginning to start a new sexual relationship with your partner after the arrival of your child.

The causes of sexual dysfunction postpartum can be multifactorial and varied. They can occur simply because of the sleep deprivation and lifestyle upheaval a new baby can bring to a family dynamic. They can be hormonal. They can also be caused by postpartum depression, which can have a profound effect on one’s sexual desire. There are also physical factors such as dyspareunia, the technical term for painful vaginal intercourse. Rarely one single factor is the culprit. Post pregnancy sexual dysfunction is usually caused by several factors acting in concert.

Dyspareunia or painful sexual intercourse is fairly common after the birth of a child. Between 4 and 58% of women experience painful intercourse after vaginal delivery. Painful sexual intercourse in women after the birth of their first child was examined by Chaychinda and Ungkanungedcha in a 2015 article in the Journal of Sexual Medicine. The authors of this study found no correlation between painful intercourse and the birth weight of the child, newborn head circumference, or whether or not the mother had a history of pre-pregnancy dyspareunia.

In another study by Signorello and colleagues, the relationship of sexual functioning after childbirth was compared to the degree of birth trauma experienced by the mother during delivery.  The authors of this study classified participants into groups that included, the intact group (no vaginal tearing or episiotomy), women with first degree perineal tearing (tears to the vaginal mucosa only), second degree tearing (tears extending to the perineum and perineal muscles), third degree tearing (involving the external anal sphincter), and fourth degree tearing (involving the anal sphincter and surrounding rectal mucosa). The authors of this study found that women who do not experience any tearing or episiotomy tended to be younger and heavier.  Signorello found that all women, regardless of degree of birth trauma, resumed intercourse by 6 months after the delivery of their child. Most of the women experienced pain when they resumed sexual intercourse with the degree of pain dependent on the degree of perineal tearing. Dyspareunia was found in 33% of the intact group, 48% of the second-degree group, and 68% of the third and fourth degree group. The study also found that degree of birth trauma and maternal age were independent predictors of return to sexual functioning.

Overall sexual functioning after childbirth was examined by Khajehi and colleagues in an article to appear in the Journal of Sexual Medicine this year. In this study, overall sexual functioning was examined after childbirth. Khajehi found evidence supporting the work by Signorello that most women do not return to sexual functioning until 6 months after childbirth. Factors that influence return to sexual intercourse included return of genitals to pre-childbirth state, whether or not there is prolonged lochia (bleeding after childbirth) and perineal pain.

The authors also cited research that women having their first baby are more likely to experience sexual dysfunction than those who have already had a child, with sexual dysfunction significantly higher in women who had just given birth to their first baby at 8 and 16 weeks after delivery. The authors also looked at emotional factors that can affect return to sexuality and cited research that, emotional disturbance, fear of another baby, and well-being of the newborn as well as relationship dissatisfaction are correlated with sexual dysfunction, regardless of the sexual orientation of the couple.

New moms are not to be blamed for any type of sexual dysfunction following childbirth. In our society words like “frigid” get thrown around to describe women who cannot or do not want to engage in sex. It is important to remember that your body has gone through a tremendous change and produced something truly incredible. It is okay to allow yourself some time to recover and to return to sex slowly.

The Mayo Clinic has proposed some guidelines on return to sexual function after childbirth. They advise that new mothers wait 4-6 weeks after delivery to have sex regardless of whether they delivered vaginally or by c-section. Using a personal lubricant can help reduce pain and is particularly helpful because hormonal fluctuations can leave the vagina dry and tender, especially in breastfeeding mothers.

Physical exercise can be key in managing stress, improving body image, and helping to normalize sleeping patterns, which can all contribute to sexual dysfunction after pregnancy. Try to get 150 minutes of moderate exercise in a week to improve overall health. It does not all have to be at once, but adding in short 10-minute bouts of exercise in the morning or at lunch can easily add up to the 150-minute recommendation over the course of a week.

If you are not experiencing any pain or discomfort and you have not noticed any changes in bladder and bowel function, then you can do specific exercises for your vagina to increase blood flow and pleasure during sex. Pelvic floor exercises (Kegels) are contractions of your pelvic floor muscles. You perform Kegels by squeezing and drawing up your rectum and your vagina, like you were trying to stop gas or the flow of urine. If you were sitting on a hard chair while performing a correct Kegel you can actually feel the area between your vagina and anus lift up off of the chair. The best part of Kegels is you can do them anywhere and no one knows you are actually doing them! Keep your Kegels to a contraction of about 1-2 seconds and start off slow building to 100-200 contractions broken up over the course of the day. If you feel any pain with the exercises or notice any changes in bladder or bowel health, then stop doing the Kegels. This could be an indication that certain pelvic floor muscles are in spasm or there may be scar tissue that is causing the discomfort, and it is recommended to see a pelvic floor physical therapist.

Remember to take it slow to returning to sex. Start off with kissing and light touching. If anything hurts it is perfectly okay to put it on the back burner and return to it later. Be willing to explore. You might actually come up with new activities to add to your repertoire while you are waiting to recover. If you find that you are still troubled by sexual dysfunction months after childbirth, consider seeing a pelvic floor physical therapist for guidance in your recover. A pelvic floor physical therapist will be able to loosen and free up scar tissue, and treat any tightness and/or weakness, and teach you about more gentle sexual positions and activities to help you return to full sexual function. Just like any other injury, the sooner the problem is identified and treatment begins, the better; however, most conditions can be relieved many years, or even decades, later.

Sources

Chayachinda C, Titapant V, Ungkanungedcha A. Dyspareunia and sexual dysfunction after vaginal delivery in thai primiparous women with episiotomy. J Sex Med. 2015;12:1275-82

Khajehei M, Doherty M, Tilley M et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Sexual Dysfucntion ln Postpartum Australian Women. J Sex Med. 2015 [Epub ahead of print]

Mayo Clinic Staff. Sex after pregnancy: set your own timeline.[accessed May 2015] http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/labor-and-delivery/in-depth/sex-after-pregnancy/art-20045669

Signorello L, Harlow B, Chekos Am, et al. Postpartum sexual functioning and its relationship to  perineal trauma: A retrospective cohort study of primiparous women. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2001; 184: 881-90

MuTu System Exercises with Wendy Powell

Our friend Wendy Powell, a postpartum recovery and fitness expert in the UK, has created MuTu System, a 12 week program to get your body back into health after pregnancy. It offers great explanations of posture, body mechanics and nutrition. Wedny has shared with us some great exercises for getting rid of what she calls ‘mummy tummy’ (hence MuTu!) and healing pelvic pain. Check out some of them below, and learn more about her and MuTu System on her website here.

All text + images copyright ‘MuTu® System Limited 2014′

Lie Back + Squeeze

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Lie on your back with your knees up + a small ball between your knees. Bring your knees into your chest far enough so there is no strain on your abs to keep them there.
Turn your feet out. Exhale as you squeeze the ball + draw your belly button towards your spine. You’ll feel your pelvic floor contract at the same time. Relax + repeat.
As well as the ‘belly button to spine’ movement, another way to make sure you get it right is to imagine your lower abdomen as a clock face, with your belly button as 12 o’clock, pubic bone at 6 o’clock + your hipbones as 3 + 9. As you exhale, draw in your belly button, draw up your pelvic floor + imagine pulling 3 + 9 o’clock apart. Inhale + relax, then repeat. Keep your spine in neutral + don’t let your pelvis tilt as you move.

Lamp Post Pee

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Start on all fours, with shoulders directly over hands, hips over knees. Keep your arms straight + try to shift your upper body weight into your fingers rather than all on your wrists.
Exhale + engage your core muscles (gently draw in your lower abdomen as you breathe out + move) + lift one knee out to the side. Just off the ground is fine, but no higher than parallel to the ground. Bring it back down as you inhale, then repeat.
Try not to let your weight shift right over to the supporting leg, you want the movement to happen by rotating at the hip, not by leaning or twisting your whole body to one side. You are stabilizing your torso + engaging your core as you lift your leg, + then relaxing as you lower.
It’s harder to initiate or feel a pelvic floor contraction when you abduct your legs, but be assured that the transverse muscle + the pelvic floor can co-contract – one movement is making sure the other happens!

Exercising While Pregnant

By Fiona McMahon, DPT

If you were paying attention to the Boston Marathon this April you probably heard about 35-year-old Amy Keil of Minneapolis who ran the 26.2 mile course while 7.5 months pregnant. Reactions to pregnant women competing at a high level run the gamut from awestruck at the mother-to-be’s sheer fortitude to furious at the seemingly blatant disregard for the health of her unborn baby. Seeing these athletes compete at high levels sparks the questions, how much exercise is safe for these women and how much physical activity should the average woman get while she is pregnant?

Up until recently, there has been a dearth of scientific studies examining the effects of high-level exercise on the health of the mother and her child. In 2012, Linda Szymanski and Andrew Satin published an article in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology examining the effects of strenuous exercise on the fetal and maternal well-being in both physically active and inactive women. In the study women were classified by self report as “non exercisers” (women who exercised for less than 20 minutes for fewer than 3 sessions a week),  “mild to moderate exercisers” (women who worked out for at least 20 minutes per session up to 3 times a week), and highly active exercisers (women who exercised greater than 4 times a week).

The women in this study participated between the 28th and 32nd week of their pregnancy. The participants ran on a treadmill with a 2% incline that increased every 2 minutes until the grade reached 12%, at which time the speed was increased by 0.2 miles per hour every 2 minutes. When the women no longer wanted to continue, they were allowed to stop and the well-being of their fetuses was examined by measuring the blood flow through the uterine and umbilical arteries, fetal heart rate, and maternal heart rate.

The women all reached a heart rate of well over 140 beats per minute, which was beyond the traditional limit on physical activity in expectant women prior to 1994. All women also exercised at a perceived exertion rate consistent for the definition of strenuous exercise. The study found that the blood flow through the uterine and umbilical arteries did not significantly change with exercise in any of the groups of women who participated in the study indicating that in short duration strenuous exercise may not be harmful to the fetus. The study did find that five women in the highly active group experienced fetal heart rate decelerations when they finished running on the treadmill. The fetal heart rate returned to normal within 2-3 minutes and did not meet the inclusion criteria for fetal bradycardia (slow fetal heart rate). The authors of this study were reassured by the transient nature of these fetal heart rate changes in the highly active group.

The work presented by Linda Szymanski and Andrew Satin provides athletes who are pregnant with some reassurance that they are not harming their baby by continuing to exercise. The authors do point out that the work presented in their article should be interpreted cautiously as it includes only one data point from the third trimester of pregnancy and should not be taken as definitive proof that strenuous exercise absolutely won’t harm an unborn child.

So you may be thinking that you absolutely have no intentions of running until exhaustion when you are pregnant, but should you still exercise? Much of the research published on activity and pregnancy says yes.

In a 2012 review conducted by Tiffany Field in infant behavior and development, exercise was found to be protective against depression, cramps, edema (swelling), low back pain, and gestational diabetes. She found the Tai Chi was particularly helpful in improving oxygen consumption, and that yoga reduced stress.

Safety is important to keep in mind while exercising when pregnant. The pregnant body undergoes a multitude of different changes that will affect your ability to exercise. During pregnancy your blood volume will increase. With the blood volume increase, the ratio of plasma to red blood cells (your body’s oxygen delivery system) will change leaving you with relatively few red blood cells compared to plasma, which will make you feel more tired more quickly. Your need for oxygen will also increase as you progress through your pregnancy. Your growing baby will also put pressure on your diaphragm making the amount of oxygen available for exercise decrease. These changes may make you feel more tired than you would when you were not pregnant and you may have to cut back the amount of activity you do.

The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) advises that women who are inactive be examined by a health care professional before starting exercise while pregnant. They recommend that women try to get 30 minutes of exercise a day. They advise women with a history of pre-term labor or fetal growth restriction to reduce their activity in the second or third trimester. The ACOG recommends athletes with uncomplicated pregnancies continue to exercise as tolerated during their pregnancy.

What warning signs should you look for when exercising while pregnant? The NCAA has released guidelines on exercise in their Policy on Gender Equality. Athletes should not start exercising, or should stop exercising, if they experience vaginal bleeding, leaking of clear fluid from the vagina, headaches, chest pain, decreases in fetal movement, calf pain, muscle weakness, or breathlessness prior to exercise.

While the jury may not have completely reached its verdict on whether or not ultra intense athletic events are safe while pregnant, exercising at mild to moderate levels while one is pregnant is largely considered to be safe and to yield many benefits to expectant mothers. Keeping an open dialogue about your fitness goals with your gynecologist can help you to formulate a fitness plan that will allow you to reap the many benefits of staying active while pregnant.

Stay tuned for more Blogs on prenatal pain and leakage, postpartum pain and other conditions, and sexual health after childbirth.

Sources

  • Davenport M, Giroux I, Sopper M, et al. Postpartum exercise regardless of intensity improves chronic disease risk factors. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2011; 951-958
  • Ferreira C, Alburquerque-Sendín. Effectiveness of physical therapy for pregnancy related low back and/or pelvic pain after delivery: A systematic review. Physiotherapy Theory and Praticce. 2013: 29(6):419-31
  • Field T. Prenatal exercise research. Infant Behavior and Development. 2012; 35: 397-407
  • Hogshead-Maker, N, Scrensen E. Pregnant and Parenting Student- Athletes: Resources and Model Policies. NCAA Gender Equity.
  • Noon M, Hoch A. Challenges of the pregnant athlete and low back pain.  Curr Sports Med Rep. 2012; 11(1):43-8
  • Szymanski L, Satin A. Strenuous exercise during pregnancy: is there a limit? American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2012

The Pain No One Wants to Talk About

By Fiona McMahon and Amy Stein

Imagine if you will, Sheila. Sheila is an active 30-something who has just come into her own. She is moving up the ranks at work, she is in a stable and loving relationship, and is even thinking about having kids one day. Imagine Sheila begins developing pain in and around her vagina that makes it painful for her to have sex with her partner, sit for long periods of time, or even wear tight pants. Sheila begins missing work because she can’t bear to sit for eight hours a day, she stops working out, and her relationship with her partner has become increasingly strained. Sheila feels increasing shame that she is not the sexual person she once was and is hesitant to bring her pain up to her doctor because she fears there is nothing he can do, or even worse, he might think her pain was all in her head.

Now imagine Sheila’s pain isn’t in her vagina, but rather it is in her back. You could imagine that the version of Sheila, with the back pain ends up faring much better than the version of Sheila with the vaginal pain. Sheila with the back pain isn’t embarrassed to bring her pain up to her doctor. She may even talk to her friends about their back pain and treatments and practitioners that have helped them.  Sheila is given all the tools, resources, and support of the healthcare community and her friends to help treat her back pain and return to the person she was before. The version of Sheila with the vaginal pain remains unsure of where to start. She is embarrassed and feels alone in her journey. She has bounced back and forth to doctors, urologists, gynecologists and even psychologists but has found no cause or relief in her pain.

We at Beyond Basics see it as one of our key missions to open a dialogue about the millions of women (and men!) who suffer with pelvic pain and provide them with treatment options to help them return to their former selves. We recognize for many women and men, pelvic pain is a profoundly sensitive subject that can be difficult to talk about. We also recognize that the consequences of letting pelvic pain go unchecked can deeply affect an individual’s, and their family, friends and colleagues’ quality of life.

Let’s start our conversation with the type of pain Sheila was experiencing. Someone like Sheila might start her journey thinking she has a urinary tract infection or a sexually transmitted disease, but when the results of her medical tests come back negative, she and her healthcare practitioner may not be aware that her pain could be caused by musculoskeletal dysfunction, which can be treated by a trained pelvic floor physical therapist.

Patients who lack a clear cause of their pelvic pain may have muscle spasm or nerve irritation, in their pelvic floor muscles, weakness, or bony misalignments. We refer to these problems in the pelvic floor as pelvic floor muscle dysfunction (PFMD).  PFMD can occur from a variety of different causes, a fall while skiing, stress, chronic illness, or previous acute infection.

PFMD can occur in men, women and children, of whom may experience pelvic, abdominal, hip, back and/or lower extremity pain.  In addition, men may experience pain in their testicles, groin, tip of the penis, or perineum. Women, like Sheila, may experience vaginal pain with penetration (superficial or deep), burning in the vulvar area, or pain in their clitoris. PFMD can significantly impair one’s ability to enjoy sex, causing painful penetration in women, and post ejaculatory pain, premature ejaculation, difficulty reaching climax, and erectile dysfunction in men. Patients with PFMD may also experience urinary and gastrointestinal issues and/or incontinence.

A pelvic floor physical therapist can diagnose PFMD by performing a specialized pelvic exam, where the therapist will test the strength of the pelvic floor muscles, their ability to relax, and whether or not the pelvic floor muscles are in spasm or are shortened. A pelvic floor physical therapist will also examine the skeletal alignment, the strength and range of motion of the hip and core muscles, and the muscles and fascia of the abdomen, back, lower extremities and perineum to assess for other possible biomechanical contributors to the patient’s pain and symptoms.

Based on what the physical therapist finds, he or she will develop a specialized course of treatment for the patient. Sometimes scarring is the culprit in PFD. Conditions like endometriosis, episiotomies, and abdominal and pelvic surgeries can all cause scarring. Scarring can lead to tissue adhesions, which don’t allow the tissues of the abdomen, trunk and pelvic area to move freely. Tissues that can’t move freely, whether from shortened muscles or from scarring, can impair motor control, visceral function (i.e. intestines) and contribute to pain. Tissue restrictions and shortening can be effectively treated in physical therapy by using manual techniques to mobilize the restrictions both internally and externally. In addition, the pelvic floor physical therapist will correct bony misalignments that may be found upon exam.

Weakness is a common contributor in PFMD. Weakness can cause the organs of the pelvic cavity to drop lower in the pelvis due to a lack of muscular and connective tissue support. The dropping of these organs can cause discomfort that worsens over the course of the day. A patient with weak pelvic floor muscles can be guided through an exercise program to strengthen his or her pelvic floor.

Pelvic floor physical therapists may also use different tools besides their manual skills to address PFMD. Some women experience pain during penetration because the skin and muscles of their vagina and/or perineum are too tight. In this case, a physical therapist may use vaginal dilators to gently stretch these tissues allowing the patient to comfortably be able to accommodate her partner’s penis or a sex toy during penetration.

Biofeedback is a tool that can help improve a patient’s awareness of his or her pelvic floor muscles. Biofeedback is used to show the muscle activity of a patient’s pelvic floor as a display on a computer, allowing the patient to see the action of his or her pelvic floor in real time. For a patient who is experiencing pain, a physical therapist can use biofeedback to teach a patient how to properly relax his or her pelvic floor muscles allowing for better pelvic floor function.

Having pain is hard. Having pelvic pain is arguably even harder. We as a society attach so much shame to this area of our body that sometimes we end up closing ourselves off from possible treatments when something goes wrong with our pelvic floor. We at Beyond Basics hope you have found this article helpful and encourage you to seek help from a pelvic floor physical therapist if Sheila’s problems seemed at all similar to your own. We hope this post has helped you to reconsider pelvic pain and the options that exist to help you return to your old self.

ENDO WARRIORS on The Pelvic Messenger

Tomorrow night at 9pm EST, we are excited to welcome Jill Fuersich and Jordan Davidson of the endometriosis support group Endo Warriors to The Pelvic Messenger. “Support nation” is really a better term since Endo Warriors now has over 5,000 members online and has spawned smaller, real-life support groups across New York, New Jersey, Colorado and Pennsylvania. You can tune in to this episode of The Pelvic Messenger here.

Screen Shot 2015-04-20 at 11.10.53 PM   Screen Shot 2015-04-20 at 10.58.03 PM

Jill Fuersich, left; Jordan Davidson, right

Jill, Jordan and their additional co-founder Nicole Malachi, all endometriosis sufferers, founded Endo Warriors in 2012 after they couldn’t find support groups for their health issues. Jill manages Endo Warriors patient outreach and Jordan is an award-winning health journalist. Their website shares endometriosis facts and information, pairs up those diagnosed with endometriosis with another endo buddy, operates a discussion forum, and much more! Check them out on Facebook and Twitter, too.

Mental Health, Yoga, Acupuncture, and Pelvic Pain

By Stephanie Stamas

Pelvic floor dysfunction is complicated. If you have pelvic pain or dysfunction, you know this. You know that it takes a long time to figure out what is going on and rarely is it straight forward. It’s often a more of a journey to recovery than a quick fix. As a physical therapist specializing in pelvic floor dysfunction I’ve found that what makes that journey faster is having a multi-disciplinary team of specialized practitioners addressing every aspect of the dysfunction. At the next Pelvic Health 101 lecture, you will get the unique opportunity to hear from three healthcare providers who work closely with patients at Beyond Basic PT discuss how mental health, yoga and acupuncture can be excellent adjunct therapies to help you on your healing journey.

The mind-body relationship is starting to become a hot topic in research and never in the history of pain management has there been more exciting news. Until a little over a decade ago it was thought that the brain was solid and fixed by age 5, and from there the brain deteriorated. Now it is understood that the brain changes constantly based on environment, behavior, thoughts and feelings. This can be good or bad news. The experience of anxiety and pain is the bad news. The good news is that through “retraining” the brain you can reduce/eliminate pain! This is why mental health counseling can be so important on your healing journey.

Yoga as it is practiced in the U.S. can take on many forms and selecting a class/teacher can be overwhelming for those seeking to practice yoga as a therapeutic modality. For individuals with pelvic pain, it is recommended that they practice yoga that allows for a balance between slow, conscious movement to engage and gentle stretching along with an emphasis on the breath. Engaging in a simple customized yoga practice can be beneficial for those seeking to redefine their relationship with their body, specifically allowing them to move beyond their identity as a patient. Come and take some time to pause for breath and simple movement practices that can promote greater ease and comfort for the body and mind.

Acupuncture has always been at the center of pain management. Several problems that manifest as pelvic dysfunction are regularly treated by acupuncture, including incontinence, pelvic pain, IBS and constipation. In some patients, problems in the musculoskeletal system can be the underlying origin of their complaint. When the trigger point is “dry needled” by acupuncture, this mechanically disrupts the nervous system and results in mechanical and physiological changes. In Traditional Chinese Meridian Theory, the genitalia are traversed by a number of channels, thus pain can be accessed from reflex points along these channels. A treatment regime consisting of regular acupuncture in combination with physical therapy is the ideal approach for chronic pelvic floor problems.

Come join us at Beyond Basic Physical Therapy next Tuesday, April 28th at 6:30 for the final seminar in the Pelvic Health 101 Seminar Series. Don’t miss this last opportunity to find the missing link in your step towards recovery. Sign up here.

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